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The Judicial Construction of Hong Kong's Basic Law

The Judicial Construction of Hong Kong's Basic Law Courts, Politics and Society after 1997

  • Author:
  • Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
  • ISBN: 9789888208074
  • Published In: February 2014
  • Format: Hardback , 560 pages
  • Jurisdiction: Hong Kong ? Disclaimer:
    Countri(es) stated herein are used as reference only

List Price: HKD 580.00

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    China has granted Hong Kong a high degree of autonomy through the Basic Law under the principle of "one country, two systems". Hong Kong's legal system under the Basic Law is based on the common law and is administered by independent courts. By interpreting the Basic Law, Hong Kong's courts have reviewed legislation and executive decisions, and have achieved a "second founding" of the Basic Law as an enforceable constitution. This book is the first comprehensive account of how the Hong Kong courts gained this vital power of judicial review. Through an analysis of important court cases since 1997, the book also examines how the Hong Kong courts maintain their relationships with the executive and legislature, and with China's Central Authorities, which have been sceptical of these achievements. Hong Kong's unique status as a common law jurisdiction within socialist China poses risks of integration: this book concludes that the best choice lies in maintaining and developing a cosmopolitan judicial outlook.

  • Preface 
    Acknowledgements 
    Abbreviations 
    Table of Cases
    Table of Legislation

    Part 1:    Introduction and Background to the Study
    Chapter 1        Concerns and Organization 
    Chapter 2        The Multifaceted Basic Law and Its Assumed Purpose 
    Chapter 3        The Background of Concepts 
    3.1   One Country, Two Systems 
    3.2   High Degree of Autonomy 
    3.3   Executive-Led Government 
    3.4   Separation of Powers 
    3.5   Independent Judicial Power and Judicial Review

    Part 2:    The Pioneering Judicial Voyage: 1997–2013 
    Chapter 4        1997–1998: Introspective Institutional Clarification 
    Chapter 5        1999: The Triumph, Tragedy and Restarting of Constitutional Assertiveness 
    Chapter 6        2000–2001: Demonstrating the Common Law Approach 
    Chapter 7        2002–2003 
    7.1   Mopping up Right of Abode Cases and Delimiting Constitutional Adjudication 
    7.2   The Hot and Sickly Days 
    7.3   Past and Finality 
    Chapter 8        2004–2005 
    8.1   Appeals Solely for Resolving Public Law Questions
    8.2   A Judicially Inspired NPCSC Interpretation? 
    8.3   Formulating the Proportionate Response 
    Chapter 9        2006: A Significant Year 
    9.1   Blazing Trails for Direct Challenges to Primary Legislation 
    9.2   Judicial Power, Access to the Courts and Remedies 
    9.3   Deference to the Legislature Re-examined 
    9.4   Where the Basic Law Does Not Generate Rights 
    Chapter 10      2007–2008: The Courts of Judicature under the Separation of Powers of the Basic Law 
    Chapter 11      2009–2010: An Unexpected Transitional Period 
    Chapter 12      2011–2013: The Gathering Politicization of the Judicial Process 
    12.1 The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Case 
    12.2 The Democratic Republic of the Congo Case 
    12.3 The Evangeline Banao Vallejos Case & Others 
    12.4 The Delayed Backlash, in the Maternity Wards, against the Chong Fung Yuen Case 
    Chapter 13      The Judicial Review Phenomenon and the Fundamental Choice

    Part 3:    The HKSAR Courts" Vulnerable Judicial Supremacy
    Chapter 14      The Jurisprudence that Constitutes the Claim and Initial Observations 
    Chapter 15      Mainland Scholarship Questions HKSAR Judicial Review of Legislation 
    Chapter 16      The Practice in the Courts of the Macao Special Administrative Region
    Chapter 17      In Defence of Judicial Review of Legislation by the Courts of the HKSAR: Supplementing an Under-theorized Exposition 
    17.1  Articles 17 and 160 of the Basic Law 
    17.2  Hong Kong Courts" Inherent Judicial Power of  Review of Legislation before 1 July 1997: The Common Law Courts in a Written Constitutional Setting 
    17.3 Distinguishing Marbury v Madison 
    17.4  The Article 84 Filter 
    Chapter 18      Conclusion: Arguably Less Vulnerable, Barring Local Politics

    Part 4:    The Intra-SAR Relationships: The Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary
    Chapter 19      The Declaratory Judgment in Exercise of Constitutional Jurisdiction and Its Enforcement beyond the Four Walls of the Court 
    19.1 The Theoretical Dimension: The Dichotomy of Individual Effect and General Effect
    19.2 The Empirical Dimension: The Compliance Record of the Political Departments of the HKSAR 
    Chapter 20      Justiciability and Political Questions 
    Chapter 21      Justification and Deference: The Proportionality Analysis 
    21.1 The Adoption of Proportionality Analysis in Hong Kong Bill of Rights Adjudication 
    21.2 The Continued Application of Proportionality Analysis in Basic Law Adjudication: Changes and Developments 
    21.3 The Reliance of the United Kingdom Approach in Proportionality Analysis 
    21.4 The Proliferation of Proportionality Analysis in Judicial Decision Making 
    21.5 The Utilization of the Language of Deference in Adjudication 
    21.6 The Dialectic of Proportionality Analysis: Using Deference as a Counterweight to Justification 
    Chapter 22      Remedies Following Constitutional Adjudication 
    22.1 Developing Constitutional Remedies in the HKSAR
    22.2 Developing Remedies, Developing Judicial Power 
    22.3 A Certain Regard to the Legislature When Modifying Legislation 
    22.4 Suspension of Declaration of Invalidity of Legislation 
    22.5 What Price Constitutional Remedies? 
    Chapter 23      Procedural Reactions to the Judicial Review Phenomenon 
    23.1 Legal Mobilization in Hong Kong: The Strategic "Test Case", the Tactical Loudspeaker and the Ubiquitous Legal Aid 
    23.2 The Judicial Response: Retreat to Procedure? 
    23.3 The Re-calibration of the Procedural Framework: Signalling to Whom? 
    Chapter 24      Managing the Political Risk of Judicial Review: Strategic Judging within the HKSAR

    Part 5:    The Central-SAR Relationship
    Chapter 25      Introduction 
    Chapter 26      Article 19 of the Basic Law of the HKSAR 
    Chapter 27      Article 158 of the Basic Law of the HKSAR 
    27.1 The Court of Final Appeal"s Approach on Judicial Reference 
    27.2 The European Preliminary Ruling Procedure: A Mechanism for Legal Integration 
    27.3 Intra-national Comparables 
    27.4 The Strategems of Autonomy 
    27.5 Rethinking Judicial Reference: Towards Constitutional Atrophy or Seizing the Constitutional Initiative? 
    Chapter 28      Article 18 of the Basic Law of the HKSAR 
    Chapter 29      Articles 20, 21, 22, 48(8) and 131 of the Basic Law of the HKSAR 
    Chapter 30      Article 159 of the Basic Law of the HKSAR 
    Chapter 31      "Second-best" Constitutionalism

    Part 6:    Reconstructing the Judicial or Judicial Reconstruction
    Chapter 32      The Challenge of the "Second Founding" 
    32.1 The Basic Law as "Constitution-making by Outsiders" 
    32.2 The "Second Founding" of the HKSAR by the Judicial Construction of the Basic Law 
    32.3 Ng Ka Ling Vanishing? 
    32.4 Internationalizing Jurisprudence 
    32.5 The Challenge of Indigenization 
    32.6 The Challenge of Popular/People"s Constitutionalism 
    32.7 One"s Own Compass

    Bibliography 
    Appendix: Excerpts of the Basic Law of the HKSAR 
    Index

  • Lo Pui Yin is a barrister specializing in constitutional and human rights law. He is the author of several books and articles on law in Hong Kong.

  • "This book will become the definitive account of the judicial role in Hong Kong after 1997. Writing with great flair, Dr. Lo provides a richly contextual story of judges making great use of a novel legal arrangement to tread new ground. This thorough work of scholarship is a must-read for students of Hong Kong law, as well as those interested in China and comparative judicial politics more broadly."
    Tom Ginsburg, Leo Spitz Professor of International Law, University of Chicago Law School

    "Lo Pui Yin has written a comprehensive and sophisticated introduction to the major cases and jurisprudence of the Hong Kong courts. Engaging important current controversies, he offers a powerful defence of the present system of constitutional review, resting on Hong Kong's common law tradition."
    Mark Tushnet, William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Law, Harvard Law School

    "This is a thoughtful and scholarly account of an important topic—the construction of the Basic Law by the HKSAR courts. This is a question of vital importance to Hong Kong but it should also be of interest and importance to Mainland legal scholarship. Moreover, the comparative constitutional lawyers across the world will be intrigued by this rigorous and perceptive account of the bridge between the common law of Hong Kong and the legal system of the PRC."
    Christopher Forsyth, Professor of Public Law and Private International Law, University of Cambridge

    "P Y Lo has produced a monumental book, of great learning, profound research and insightful reflections on the efforts of Hong Kong's judiciary in maintaining the rule of law within the framework of the Basic Law, developing its jurisdiction and jurisprudence with great skill, learning, and, now, a bit of tact. Lo"s mastery of the case law is unrivalled and his legal and political analysis masterly."
    Yash Ghai, Emeritus Professor, University of Hong Kong, and author of Hong Kong's New Constitutional Order

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